COPYRIGHT LAWS

BACKGROUND

The concept of Copyright began in the year 1701 wherein the parliament of England enacted a law i.e., the Copyright Act of 1709, also known as the Statute of Anne, after Queen Anne. This Act came in force in the year 1710 and remarkably it was a first copyright Act in the world. Legislation and international agreements based on the Statute of Anne gradually appeared in other countries, such as the Copyright Act of 1790 in the United States. The international agreements like the Paris convention and the Berne convention ratified which are the standards for the copyright law enacted by every country including India.

COPYRIGHT LAW IN INDIA

COPYRIGHT ACT 1957

In India, the copyright law is governed by the Indian Copyright Act, 1957.It came into effect from January 1958 and has been amended six times since then.The recent amendment was in the year 2012 through Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012. The objectives of the Act are to –

  • Encourage the author, music composers, singers to create their original piece of work.
  • Stop the misuse of copyrighted work.
  • Give both the civil remedies as well as Criminal remedies
  • Provide the methods of acquiring the copyrights.

COPYRIGHT RULES, 2013

The Copyright Rules has notified on March 14, 2013 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Union Government.

The introduction of new provisions under the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012, led to amendments in the Copyright Rules, 1958 as well.

The Copyright Rules, 2013 further provides for the following new rules:

  • Statutory license for cover versions and broadcasting of literary and musical works and sound recording.
  • Compulsory licenses for works withheld from public, whether unpublished and published works, for benefit of disabled.
  • Registration of Copyright Societies and Performer’s Right Societies
  • Storage of copies of works.
  • Importation of infringing copies and technological protection measures.

One of the most prominent amendment in the new Copyright Rules, 2013 is the enhancement in the fee for registration of copyright.